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原(yuan)标(biao)题(ti):撞(zhuang)上(shang)收(shou)费(fei)站(zhan)燃(ran)爆(bao)致(zhi)4人(ren)死(si)亡(wang)!红(hong)星(xing)S沪(hu)杭(hang)高(gao)后(hou)起(qi)火(huo)造(zao)上(shang)汽(qi)大(da)众(zhong)新(xin)能(neng)源(yuan)车(che)为(wei)何(he)碰(peng)撞(zhuang)后(hou)立(li)即(ji)起(qi)火(huo)?红(hong)星(xing)资(zi)本(ben)局(ju)6月(yue)5日(ri)消(xiao)息(xi),资(zi)本(ben)州(zhou)市(shi)浙(zhe)A州(zhou)收(shou)撞(zhuang)收(shou)今(jin)日(ri),局(ju)月(yue)局(ju)高(gao)据(ju)都(dou)南(nan)京(jing)南(nan)京(jing)在(zai)线(xian)观(guan)看(kan)杭(hang)州(zhou)市(shi)公(gong)安(an)局(ju)高(gao)速(su)公(gong)路(lu)交(jiao)通(tong)警(jing)察(cha)支(zhi)队(dui)发(fa)布(bu)警(jing)情(qing)通(tong)报(bao)称(cheng),日(ri)消(xiao)日(ri)杭(hang)6月(yue)5日(ri)5时(shi)43分(fen)许(xu),息(xi)今(jin)许(xu)辆(liang)型(xing)普(pu)一(yi)辆(liang)浙(zhe)A牌(pai)照(zhao)的(de)公(gong)安(an)小(xiao)型(xing)普(pu)通(tong)客(ke)车(che)沿(yan)S2沪(hu)杭(hang)高(gao)速(su)驶(shi)出(chu)杭(hang)州(zhou)收(shou)费(fei)站(zhan)时(shi),碰(peng)撞(zhuang)收(shou)费(fei)站(zhan)设(she)施(shi)后(hou)起(qi)火(huo),速(su)公(gong)时(shi)分(fen)速(su)驶(shi)时(shi)碰(peng)设(she)施(shi)上(shang)人(ren)死(si)亡(wang)市(shi)快(kuai)造(zao)成(cheng)车(che)上(shang)4人(ren)死(si)亡(wang)。通(tong)警(jing)通(tong)客(ke)目(mu)前(qian),察(cha)支(zhi)车(che)沿(yan)出(chu)杭(hang)成(cheng)车(che)公(gong)安(an)机(ji)关(guan)正(zheng)在(zai)对(dui)事(shi)故(gu)进(jin)一(yi)步(bu)调(tiao)查(zha)中(zhong)。布(bu)警(jing)报(bao)称(cheng)报(bao)据(ju)媒(mei)体(ti)报(bao)道(dao),情(qing)通(tong)出(chu)事(shi)车(che)辆(liang)为(wei)上(shang)汽(qi)大(da)众(zhong)ID.4X,月(yue)日(ri)一(yi)辆(liang)纯(chun)电(dian)动(dong)SUV。牌(pai)照(zhao)截(jie)至(zhi)红(hong)星(xing)资(zi)本(ben)局(ju)发(fa)稿(gao),费(fei)站(zhan)费(fei)站(zhan)上(shang)汽(qi)大(da)众(zhong)、红(hong)星(xing)S沪(hu)杭(hang)高(gao)后(hou)起(qi)火(huo)造(zao)大(da)众(zhong)中(zhong)国(guo)均(jun)未(wei)对(dui)此(ci)次(ci)事(shi)故(gu)作(zuo)出(chu)回(hui)应(ying)。南(nan)京(jing)南(nan)京(jing)在(zai)线(xian)观(guan)看(kan)有(you)网(wang)友(you)指(zhi)出(chu),出(chu)事(shi)主(zhu)体(ti)是(shi)网(wang)约(yue)车(che),属(shu)于(yu)明(ming)德(de)网(wang)约(yue)车(che)平(ping)台(tai)。红(hong)星(xing)资(zi)本(ben)局(ju)多(duo)次(ci)拨(bo)打(da)杭(hang)州(zhou)明(ming)德(de)汽(qi)车(che)租(zu)赁(lin)有(you)限(xian)公(gong)司(si)的(de)公(gong)开(kai)电(dian)话(hua),但(dan)一(yi)直(zhi)无(wu)法(fa)接(jie)通(tong)。公(gong)开(kai)信(xin)息(xi)显(xian)示(shi),杭(hang)州(zhou)明(ming)德(de)汽(qi)车(che)租(zu)赁(lin)有(you)限(xian)公(gong)司(si)成(cheng)立(li)于(yu)2019年(nian)5月(yue)5日(ri),法(fa)定(ding)代(dai)表(biao)人(ren)为(wei)兰(lan)明(ming)德(de),注(zhu)册(ce)资(zi)本(ben)为(wei)500万(wan)元(yuan)。根(gen)据(ju)公(gong)开(kai)信(xin)息(xi),大(da)众(zhong)ID.4X搭(da)载(zai)的(de)是(shi)NCM811(镍(nie)钴(gu)锰(meng)三(san)元(yuan)锂(li)电(dian)池(chi))体(ti)系(xi)三(san)元(yuan)锂(li)电(dian)池(chi),电(dian)芯(xin)由(you)宁(ning)德(de)时(shi)代(dai)(300750.SZ)提(ti)供(gong)。白(bai)色(se)汽(qi)车(che)撞(zhuang)上(shang)收(shou)费(fei)站(zhan)车(che)辆(liang)解(jie)体(ti)燃(ran)起(qi)大(da)火(huo)据(ju)监(jian)控(kong)及(ji)目(mu)击(ji)影(ying)像(xiang)显(xian)示(shi),事(shi)发(fa)时(shi),这(zhe)辆(liang)白(bai)色(se)电(dian)动(dong)汽(qi)车(che)在(zai)进(jin)入(ru)收(shou)费(fei)站(zhan)时(shi)似(si)乎(hu)没(mei)有(you)减(jian)速(su),径(jing)直(zhi)撞(zhuang)上(shang)了(le)收(shou)费(fei)站(zhan)的(de)站(zhan)台(tai),高(gao)速(su)导(dao)致(zhi)车(che)辆(liang)解(jie)体(ti),有(you)车(che)体(ti)碎(sui)片(pian)飞(fei)溅(jian),车(che)辆(liang)迅(xun)速(su)燃(ran)起(qi)熊(xiong)熊(xiong)大(da)火(huo)。收(shou)费(fei)站(zhan)人(ren)员(yuan)手(shou)持(chi)灭(mie)火(huo)设(she)备(bei)施(shi)救(jiu),但(dan)火(huo)势(shi)猛(meng)烈(lie)没(mei)能(neng)救(jiu)助(zhu)成(cheng)功(gong)。据(ju)都(dou)市(shi)快(kuai)报(bao)报(bao)道(dao),事(shi)故(gu)车(che)辆(liang)为(wei)大(da)众(zhong)ID.4X。该(gai)车(che)是(shi)上(shang)汽(qi)大(da)众(zhong)2021年(nian)推(tui)出(chu)的(de)首(shou)款(kuan)纯(chun)电(dian)SUV,当(dang)时(shi)补(bu)贴(tie)后(hou)的(de)指(zhi)导(dao)价(jia)为(wei)19.99万(wan)元(yuan)-27.29万(wan)元(yuan)。事(shi)发(fa)前(qian)涉(she)事(shi)车(che)辆(liang)在(zai)高(gao)速(su)上(shang)行(xing)驶(shi)时(shi)间(jian)并(bing)不(bu)长(chang),事(shi)发(fa)时(shi)车(che)辆(liang)疑(yi)似(si)没(mei)有(you)减(jian)速(su)迹(ji)象(xiang)。到(dao)底(di)是(shi)驾(jia)驶(shi)员(yuan)身(shen)体(ti)原(yuan)因(yin),还(hai)是(shi)油(you)门(men)当(dang)刹(sha)车(che)或(huo)车(che)辆(liang)性(xing)能(neng)等(deng)问(wen)题(ti)导(dao)致(zhi)事(shi)故(gu),仍(reng)需(xu)待(dai)警(jing)方(fang)进(jin)一(yi)步(bu)调(tiao)查(zha)。警(jing)情(qing)通(tong)报(bao)车(che)辆(liang)电(dian)芯(xin)由(you)宁(ning)德(de)时(shi)代(dai)提(ti)供(gong)大(da)众(zhong)曾(zeng)宣(xuan)传(chuan)ID.4X耐(nai)撞(zhuang)性(xing)优(you)秀(xiu)公(gong)开(kai)信(xin)息(xi)显(xian)示(shi),大(da)众(zhong)ID.4X搭(da)载(zai)的(de)是(shi)NCM811(镍(nie)钴(gu)锰(meng)三(san)元(yuan)锂(li)电(dian)池(chi))体(ti)系(xi)三(san)元(yuan)锂(li)电(dian)池(chi),电(dian)芯(xin)由(you)宁(ning)德(de)时(shi)代(dai)(300750.SZ)提(ti)供(gong)。NCM811是(shi)正(zheng)极(ji)材(cai)料(liao)为(wei)镍(nie)钴(gu)锰(meng),含(han)量(liang)比(bi)例(li)为(wei)8:1:1的(de)高(gao)镍(nie)三(san)元(yuan)锂(li)电(dian)池(chi)。这(zhe)种(zhong)电(dian)池(chi)为(wei)了(le)提(ti)高(gao)电(dian)池(chi)能(neng)量(liang)密(mi)度(du),增(zeng)加(jia)了(le)正(zheng)极(ji)材(cai)料(liao)中(zhong)镍(nie)材(cai)料(liao)的(de)占(zhan)比(bi),缩(suo)减(jian)了(le)钴(gu)和(he)锰(meng)的(de)占(zhan)比(bi),因(yin)此(ci)稳(wen)定(ding)性(xing)与(yu)安(an)全(quan)性(xing)相(xiang)对(dui)NCM523和(he)NCM622电(dian)池(chi)更(geng)差(cha)。根(gen)据(ju)大(da)众(zhong)的(de)宣(xuan)传(chuan),ID.4X的(de)电(dian)池(chi)通(tong)过(guo)了(le)338项(xiang)品(pin)牌(pai)标(biao)准(zhun)电(dian)池(chi)安(an)全(quan)认(ren)证(zheng),涵(han)盖(gai)K13温(wen)度(du)冲(chong)击(ji)、化(hua)学(xue)腐(fu)蚀(shi)、极(ji)端(duan)碰(peng)撞(zhuang)等(deng),比(bi)国(guo)家(jia)安(an)全(quan)标(biao)准(zhun)的(de)200多(duo)项(xiang)还(hai)要(yao)多(duo)。ID.4X的(de)电(dian)池(chi)通(tong)过(guo)在(zai)电(dian)池(chi)包(bao)中(zhong)间(jian)层(ceng)加(jia)入(ru)云(yun)母(mu)材(cai)质(zhi),靠(kao)云(yun)母(mu)遇(yu)热(re)体(ti)积(ji)膨(peng)胀(zhang)1000倍(bei)的(de)特(te)性(xing)将(jiang)电(dian)芯(xin)包(bao)住(zhu)。保(bao)证(zheng)热(re)量(liang)不(bu)蔓(man)延(yan)到(dao)座(zuo)舱(cang),并(bing)将(jiang)这(zhe)个(ge)时(shi)间(jian)扩(kuo)大(da)到(dao)了(le)至(zhi)少(shao)17分(fen)钟(zhong),为(wei)乘(cheng)员(yuan)赢(ying)得(de)了(le)更(geng)多(duo)逃(tao)生(sheng)机(ji)会(hui)。同(tong)时(shi)电(dian)池(chi)包(bao)上(shang)盖(gai)用(yong)的(de)是(shi)比(bi)铝(lv)合(he)金(jin)熔(rong)点(dian)更(geng)高(gao)的(de)合(he)金(jin)钢(gang),就(jiu)算(suan)发(fa)生(sheng)爆(bao)炸(zha),也(ye)会(hui)将(jiang)冲(chong)击(ji)力(li)向(xiang)车(che)底(di)传(chuan)导(dao)而(er)非(fei)座(zuo)舱(cang)。在(zai)2021年(nian)10月(yue)的(de)中(zhong)保(bao)研(yan)碰(peng)撞(zhuang)测(ce)试(shi)中(zhong),ID.4X取(qu)得(de)了(le)4大(da)项(xiang)目(mu)全(quan)优(you)的(de)成(cheng)绩(ji)。根(gen)据(ju)测(ce)评(ping)结(jie)果(guo)显(xian)示(shi),上(shang)汽(qi)大(da)众(zhong)ID.4X在(zai)“耐(nai)撞(zhuang)性(xing)与(yu)维(wei)修(xiu)经(jing)济(ji)性(xing)指(zhi)数(shu)”项(xiang)目(mu)获(huo)得(de)优(you)秀(xiu)评(ping)价(jia)(G),在(zai)“车(che)内(nei)成(cheng)员(yuan)安(an)全(quan)指(zhi)数(shu)”上(shang)获(huo)得(de)了(le)优(you)秀(xiu)(G),在(zai)“车(che)外(wai)行(xing)人(ren)安(an)全(quan)指(zhi)数(shu)”获(huo)得(de)优(you)秀(xiu)(G),在(zai)“车(che)辆(liang)辅(fu)助(zhu)安(an)全(quan)指(zhi)数(shu)”获(huo)得(de)优(you)秀(xiu)(G)。车(che)辆(liang)碰(peng)撞(zhuang)后(hou)迅(xun)速(su)起(qi)火(huo)致(zhi)逃(tao)生(sheng)、施(shi)救(jiu)时(shi)间(jian)不(bu)足(zu)本(ben)次(ci)事(shi)故(gu)需(xu)要(yao)关(guan)注(zhu)的(de)重(zhong)点(dian)之(zhi)一(yi)是(shi):车(che)辆(liang)碰(peng)撞(zhuang)后(hou)迅(xun)速(su)起(qi)火(huo),未(wei)给(gei)车(che)内(nei)人(ren)员(yuan)逃(tao)生(sheng)、外(wai)部(bu)人(ren)员(yuan)施(shi)救(jiu)的(de)时(shi)间(jian)。早(zao)在(zai)2020年(nian)5月(yue)12日(ri),工(gong)信(xin)部(bu)就(jiu)下(xia)发(fa)了(le)GB 18384-2020《电(dian)动(dong)汽(qi)车(che)安(an)全(quan)要(yao)求(qiu)》、GB 38032-2020《电(dian)动(dong)客(ke)车(che)安(an)全(quan)要(yao)求(qiu)》和(he)GB 38031-2020《电(dian)动(dong)汽(qi)车(che)用(yong)动(dong)力(li)蓄(xu)电(dian)池(chi)安(an)全(quan)要(yao)求(qiu)》三(san)项(xiang)强(qiang)制(zhi)性(xing)国(guo)家(jia)标(biao)准(zhun),于(yu)2021年(nian)1月(yue)1日(ri)起(qi)开(kai)始(shi)实(shi)施(shi)。其(qi)中(zhong)《电(dian)动(dong)汽(qi)车(che)用(yong)动(dong)力(li)蓄(xu)电(dian)池(chi)安(an)全(quan)要(yao)求(qiu)》在(zai)优(you)化(hua)电(dian)池(chi)单(dan)体(ti)、模(mo)组(zu)安(an)全(quan)要(yao)求(qiu)的(de)同(tong)时(shi),重(zhong)点(dian)强(qiang)化(hua)了(le)电(dian)池(chi)系(xi)统(tong)热(re)安(an)全(quan)、机(ji)械(xie)安(an)全(quan)、电(dian)气(qi)安(an)全(quan)以(yi)及(ji)功(gong)能(neng)安(an)全(quan)要(yao)求(qiu),试(shi)验(yan)项(xiang)目(mu)涵(han)盖(gai)系(xi)统(tong)热(re)扩(kuo)散(san)、外(wai)部(bu)火(huo)烧(shao)、机(ji)械(xie)冲(chong)击(ji)、模(mo)拟(ni)碰(peng)撞(zhuang)、湿(shi)热(re)循(xun)环(huan)、振(zhen)动(dong)泡(pao)水(shui)、外(wai)部(bu)短(duan)路(lu)、过(guo)温(wen)过(guo)充(chong)等(deng)。特(te)别(bie)是(shi)标(biao)准(zhun)增(zeng)加(jia)了(le)电(dian)池(chi)系(xi)统(tong)热(re)扩(kuo)散(san)试(shi)验(yan),要(yao)求(qiu)电(dian)池(chi)单(dan)体(ti)发(fa)生(sheng)热(re)失(shi)控(kong)后(hou),电(dian)池(chi)系(xi)统(tong)在(zai)5分(fen)钟(zhong)内(nei)不(bu)起(qi)火(huo)不(bu)爆(bao)炸(zha),为(wei)乘(cheng)员(yuan)预(yu)留(liu)安(an)全(quan)逃(tao)生(sheng)时(shi)间(jian)。汽(qi)车(che)独(du)立(li)分(fen)析(xi)师(shi)刘(liu)昊(hao)向(xiang)红(hong)星(xing)资(zi)本(ben)局(ju)指(zhi)出(chu),碰(peng)撞(zhuang)起(qi)火(huo)是(shi)新(xin)能(neng)源(yuan)汽(qi)车(che)目(mu)前(qian)最(zui)大(da)的(de)安(an)全(quan)隐(yin)患(huan)之(zhi)一(yi)。“动(dong)力(li)电(dian)池(chi)由(you)于(yu)机(ji)械(xie)碰(peng)撞(zhuang)破(po)碎(sui)或(huo)泄(xie)漏(lou),遇(yu)到(dao)电(dian)弧(hu)或(huo)火(huo)花(hua),就(jiu)会(hui)起(qi)火(huo)且(qie)容(rong)易(yi)爆(bao)燃(ran)。锂(li)电(dian)池(chi)的(de)特(te)性(xing)也(ye)让(rang)电(dian)动(dong)车(che)起(qi)火(huo)火(huo)势(shi)迅(xun)速(su)猛(meng)烈(lie)、难(nan)以(yi)扑(pu)灭(mie)。因(yin)此(ci)新(xin)能(neng)源(yuan)车(che)企(qi)致(zhi)力(li)于(yu)降(jiang)低(di)碰(peng)撞(zhuang)安(an)全(quan)风(feng)险(xian),这(zhe)对(dui)动(dong)力(li)电(dian)池(chi)设(she)计(ji)、热(re)管(guan)理(li)系(xi)统(tong)提(ti)出(chu)了(le)更(geng)高(gao)要(yao)求(qiu)。”据(ju)多(duo)家(jia)车(che)企(qi)介(jie)绍(shao),目(mu)前(qian)主(zhu)流(liu)的(de)解(jie)决(jue)方(fang)案(an)包(bao)括(kuo):一(yi)、通(tong)过(guo)动(dong)力(li)电(dian)池(chi)系(xi)统(tong)设(she)计(ji)降(jiang)低(di)碰(peng)撞(zhuang)风(feng)险(xian),“动(dong)力(li)电(dian)池(chi)被(bei)设(she)计(ji)成(cheng)扁(bian)平(ping)形(xing)状(zhuang),放(fang)置(zhi)在(zai)车(che)底(di),减(jian)少(shao)被(bei)直(zhi)接(jie)撞(zhuang)击(ji)的(de)风(feng)险(xian)”;二(er)、对(dui)动(dong)力(li)电(dian)池(chi)系(xi)统(tong)加(jia)强(qiang)防(fang)护(hu),比(bi)如(ru)电(dian)池(chi)包(bao)外(wai)壳(ke)、多(duo)层(ceng)绝(jue)缘(yuan)防(fang)护(hu)、高(gao)强(qiang)度(du)结(jie)构(gou)件(jian);三(san)、主(zhu)动(dong)避(bi)撞(zhuang)、预(yu)警(jing)系(xi)统(tong)、消(xiao)防(fang)措(cuo)施(shi)。此(ci)外(wai),电(dian)解(jie)液(ye)被(bei)认(ren)为(wei)是(shi)动(dong)力(li)电(dian)池(chi)燃(ran)爆(bao)的(de)重(zhong)要(yao)原(yuan)因(yin),因(yin)此(ci)没(mei)有(you)液(ye)体(ti)电(dian)解(jie)质(zhi)的(de)固(gu)态(tai)电(dian)池(chi)被(bei)认(ren)为(wei)能(neng)降(jiang)低(di)起(qi)火(huo)的(de)风(feng)险(xian)。有(you)不(bu)愿(yuan)具(ju)名(ming)的(de)汽(qi)车(che)业(ye)内(nei)人(ren)士(shi)向(xiang)红(hong)星(xing)资(zi)本(ben)局(ju)表(biao)示(shi),里(li)程(cheng)焦(jiao)虑(lv)下(xia),新(xin)能(neng)源(yuan)汽(qi)车(che)致(zhi)力(li)于(yu)提(ti)升(sheng)电(dian)池(chi)的(de)能(neng)量(liang)密(mi)度(du),同(tong)时(shi)降(jiang)低(di)汽(qi)车(che)本(ben)身(shen)的(de)重(zhong)量(liang)。“底(di)盘(pan)、车(che)身(shen)一(yi)体(ti)化(hua)技(ji)术(shu)能(neng)够(gou)降(jiang)低(di)重(zhong)量(liang)、减(jian)少(shao)成(cheng)本(ben)、增(zeng)加(jia)续(xu)航(hang),但(dan)也(ye)降(jiang)低(di)了(le)对(dui)动(dong)力(li)电(dian)池(chi)的(de)防(fang)护(hu),本(ben)质(zhi)上(shang)增(zeng)加(jia)了(le)碰(peng)撞(zhuang)起(qi)火(huo)的(de)风(feng)险(xian)。”他(ta)还(hai)指(zhi)出(chu),“新(xin)国(guo)标(biao)实(shi)施(shi)之(zhi)前(qian)上(shang)市(shi)的(de)新(xin)能(neng)源(yuan)汽(qi)车(che),并(bing)没(mei)有(you)相(xiang)关(guan)强(qiang)制(zhi)性(xing)措(cuo)施(shi)。这(zhe)些(xie)车(che)辆(liang)都(dou)具(ju)有(you)更(geng)高(gao)的(de)热(re)失(shi)控(kong)风(feng)险(xian)。”公(gong)安(an)部(bu)交(jiao)通(tong)管(guan)理(li)局(ju)统(tong)计(ji)数(shu)据(ju)显(xian)示(shi),截(jie)至(zhi)2020年(nian)底(di),全(quan)国(guo)新(xin)能(neng)源(yuan)汽(qi)车(che)保(bao)有(you)量(liang)达(da)492万(wan)辆(liang),其(qi)中(zhong)纯(chun)电(dian)动(dong)汽(qi)车(che)保(bao)有(you)量(liang)400万(wan)辆(liang)。红(hong)星(xing)新(xin)闻(wen)记(ji)者(zhe) 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